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What contraception is non hormonal?

There are a few types of contraception, including short and long term methods which do not contain hormones:

  1. Female condoms

Female condoms are made from soft, thin latex (rubber), and are worn inside the vagina to prevent sperm from entering the womb and meeting an egg. Female condoms help protect against pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections.

  1. Male condoms

Male condoms are made from very thin latex, polyisoprene or polyurethane. They are a type of barrier contraception which cover the penis and prevent sperm from entering the womb, protecting against pregnancy. They also help protect against sexually transmitted diseases.

  1. Diaphragms

A contraceptive diaphragm or cap is a circular, soft dome made of silicone that is placed in the vagina before sex. The diaphragm covers the cervix, preventing sperm from entering the womb and meeting an egg. You need to use the diaphragm with spermicide (a gel that kills sperm) for it to be effective. In order to help prevent pregnancy, the diaphragm needs to be worn during sex and it must be kept in place for at least six hours after sex.

  1. Intrauterine device (IUD)

An IUD, also known as a copper coil, is a small, T-shaped device that needs to be fitted into the womb by a trained healthcare professional. It releases copper into the womb which changes the cervical mucus, making it more difficult for sperm to survive and reach an egg. The IUD lasts for 5 to 10 years (depending on the type) before needing to be replaced. If you change your mind and want to try to get pregnant, the IUD can be removed at any time by a trained healthcare professional and it is possible to get pregnant straight away.

Dr Gillian Holdsworth headshot

This post was clinically reviewed by:
Dr Gillian Holdsworth Fettle's Managing Director, Medical Doctor and public health expert.

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